do you need a permit for a hot tub

Do You Need a Permit for Your Hot Tub?

Maybe you are planning to buy a new hot tub. That’s why you are finding an answer to your question about do you need a permit from the local authority to install a hot tub.

Whatever the reasons, before you install a hot tub in your backyard or room, you need to ensure that it meets legal requirements.

In this article, I will answer your question and provide you with related information, including the hot tub building code and permit requirements.

Do You Need a Permit for Your Hot Tub?

The short answer to this question is “yes.” In most cases, you will need a building permit before you install a hot tub, pool, or spa. However, the specific requirements for hot tub permits may vary depending on your location. Mostly, you need a permit if you want to install a hot tub that exceeds a certain size or capacity.

As you need a permit, so you should contact your local building department. They will tell you about the specific requirements.

In general, if you want to install a hot tub on a permanent foundation, have it custom-built, or install it in-ground, you will need a building permit. Additionally, if you plan to install or add any electrical or plumbing work to your hot tub, you will need separate permits for those installations.

Below is a table that shows do you need to permit or not for specific locations in the USA.

New YorkYes
MichiganNo (only need for large deck or a pool)
Los AngelesYes

Hot Tub Building Code

The hot tub building code consists of specific requirements that ensure all possible and necessary safety requirements.

The code covers a wide range of topics, including type, size, electrical, plumbing, and location. Failure to follow the hot tub building code can result in fines and legal action.

Note: Hot tubs have unique electrical requirements, so as a hot tub owner, you should ensure them by a licensed electrician that meets the National Electrical Code. Not only maintain NEC requirements but also maintain the local state electrical code during installation.

Hot Tub Permit Requirements

To obtain a building permit, you will need to submit an application to your local building department. The application will typically require information about the size and location, electrical or plumbing work.

After approving your application, you will be issued a permit. After that, you can proceed to install your hot tub.

Below are some requirements:

Prefabricated vs. Custom

Most states in the USA do not require building permits for prefabricated above-ground hot tubs and pools that have a specific size and capacity.

Whereas, if you plan to install a custom-built or in-ground hot tub, you may need a permit to be processed.

Plumbing and Electrical Safety

If you want to install a prefabricated above-ground hot tub, you must maintain your zone’s electrical codes. You must use either a 120-volt or 220-volt connection. If you want to use a 220V connection, it must be hard-wired to the power supply.

For this, you need to hire a professional plumber and electrician who will make sure there is no issue with your electric line or the water supply to your hot tub.

State-specific requirements

There are many states that have their own specific requirements to install a hot tub, pool, or spa instead of general requirements or guidelines.

There are:

  • Distance from the property line: For example, in California and Minnesota, you have to install a tub at least 5 feet from your main property line.
  • Safety barriers: If you are located in Washington, you must have safety barriers in your hot tub or pool with self-latching gates more than two feet deep.
  • A safety measure: In Florida, you must have one safety measure like an exit alarm, a hot tub cover, and a safety barrier of at least four feet.

FAQs Related Permit for Your Hot Tub to Install

Is a fence required around a hot tub?

Yes, but depends on your location or local building codes and safety requirements determine this.

Do I need a license if I have a hot tub?

Yes, you must have a license prior to opening a hot tub for public use (not for personal purposes). Licenses are issued by EGLE (Environmental and Great Lakes Energy) on an annual basis.


I hope this blog post has helped clarify the question of whether or not you need a permit to install a hot tub at your location. Remember, regulations can vary by location, so always make sure you’re following the rules.

Don’t hesitate to reach out to local authorities or a professional installer if you have any questions or concerns.

Before going to leave the page, you can read a guide: right ways to measure your hot tub level.


Hi, I'm Shimul, the founder of Pooltub Life. I'm excited about sharing the latest outdoor living trends with you. My goal is to provide you with up-to-date information that will help make your POOL & HOT TUB stylish and enjoyable. Read About Me More । Follow on Facebook

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